The Northern Flicker is the most common woodpecker in Washington State and is widely distributed throughout North America.
The Rocky Mountains divide Northern Flicker populations - Red-shafted to the west and Yellow-shafted to the east (shown by the dotted line on the map). The Northern “Red-shafted” Flickers may inter-breed with “Yellow-shafted” Flickers where their territories overlap, producing many intermediate variations (see hybrid slide).
Most Northern Red-shafted Flickers (photo above) over-winter in or near their breeding areas, but some do migrate seasonally. The Yellow-shafted Flicker is highly migratory and may come through this area during migration or in the winter.
The Flicker is named for its bill flicking behavior or the “wicka, wicka” sound that they make.